The Removes by Tatjana Soli
Custer’s Last Stand at the Battle of Little Bighorn is the stuff of legend, and his name lives on in ignominy or heroism, depending on the viewpoint, but Tatjana Soli’s The Removes introduces him as a Civil War hero and follows his battles with the Cheyenne and Sioux, as well as with himself to his court martial, reinstatement after nine months of enforced leave, and finally to his last confrontation. Despite Custer’s bravado in his fancy attire and long golden hair, the horror and gore is sometimes too much for him; when he washes and rewashes his hands until they are raw to remove the imaginary blood, it reminded me of Shakespeare’s Lady Macbeth – “out. out, damned Spot…” Like Macbeth, this is a tragedy and not easy to experience.
Soli alternates her story between the young soldier Custer who is married to Libbie Bacon, and Annie, a fifteen year old pioneer girl captured by the Cheyenne and forced to live as a slave among them. As the key women in the novel, Libbie and Annie represent how the West has changed their lives and their perspectives create an important foil to the violence in the lives of the calvary soldiers and the Cheyenne warriors.
The “removes” calculate the number of times Annie’s life changes, from being captured to trades with other tribes, and finally her return to what is left of her family. The battles both Custer and Annie witness are fierce and the desperation they both feel is palpable. Ironically, both Custer and Annie feel more at home in the great outdoors than confined to the “prison” of civilized homes.
The narrative has a stitled staccato rhythm, giving the story the frame of a documentary at times. As Soli explains the western expansion, the greed for gold, the stealing of Native American territory, the senseless slaughter of people and animals, the story is too horrible to imagine but too compelling to look away. Custer is both the philandering dandy and the dedicated soldier; Annie is the abused captive as well as the clever girl who barters to survive. In a note at the end of the book, Soli says “the pendulum swings from simplistic descriptions of Indian warfare in the old Hollywood westerns to the opposite but equally false ones in more current books and films. … We honor the past most when we depict it as accurately as possible without contorting it to contemporary mores.”
Their stories may be fictional, but Soli uses them to retell the unsettling history of the wild west, melding empathetic examples of characters with unforgettable historical events.
Leadership in Turbulent Times by Doris Kearns Goodwin
If Doris Kearns Goodwin had been my history teacher in high school, I may have paid better attention. Since I have not read any of Goodwin’s biographies of the four American Presidents she addresses in her latest examination – Leadership in Turbulent Times – I am looking forward to learning more about the men she identifies as great leaders. Two are immortalized on Mt. Rushmore – Lincoln and Teddy Roosevelt. FDR is also in the mix but I was surprised she included LBJ as one of the four leaders to emulate. In her prologue she reveals her special relationship to Lyndon Johnson, whom she first met when she was a White House Fellow, and later helped him with his memoirs. She prefers to focus on his role in Civil Rights rather than the Vietnam War.
Clearly, Kearns is determined to provide government leadership models by looking back, since the present has few to offer. In her forward she states:
“It is my hope that these stories of leadership in times of fracture and fear will prove instructive and reassuring. These men set a standard and a bar for all of us. Just as they learned from one another, so we can learn from them. And from them gain a better perspective on the discord of our times.”
I have only just started reading but the book promises a good lesson in history.